Acne is one of the most common problems in medical dermatology practice. Although it’s not life-threatening, it can be extremely annoying and can affect long-term a person’s look, often triggering serious emotional disturbances (depression, low self-esteem, shame, anger, limited social life, etc.).
What is acne?
Acne is a sebaceous follicle affection, which blocks the sebum removal produced by the sebaceous glands and determines the multiplication of a skin bacteria trapped inside your pores.
Acne can take many forms and causes different reactions from patient to patient; the characteristic polymorphic lesions can be papules, pustules, comedones, micro cysts, nodules, scars.
The main cause of acne is represented by the hormonal disturbances that occur on a predisposing genetic background. Certain chemicals and medications that come in contact with the skin and also certain diseases (polycystic ovarian syndrome, for example) are other possible causes of acne, especially in adulthood.
Over 90% of teenagers, 50% of adult women, and 25% of the adult population, regardless of gender, suffer from acne. Because of androgen hormones, boys and men are more amenable to a more serious and lasting type of acne.
Acne Treatment is complex and aims to control sebum secretion, calm inflammatory lesions, improve scar appearance, remove comedones and micro cysts, to reduce microbial colonization.
Also, the treatment should be customized according to the lesion appearance, skin tolerance, associated diseases (atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis), and all other particular aspects raised by each patient.
To determine the most appropriate therapeutic strategy, the dermatologist performs or requires specific investigations like:
- Microbiological examination to exclude the germ folliculitis gram-positive or gram-negative;
- Endocrine evaluation if hyperandrogenic suspected;
- Pelvic ultrasound;
- Hormone dosage to highlight ovarian abnormalities or hormonal imbalances.
Acne Treatment starts from adopting a correct and judicious cosmetic ritual, in which the patient must carefully combine the hygiene and skincare rules strictly using recommended dermatological cosmetic products for acne.
The used medication to treat acne includes specialized creams, oral antibiotics, or different products based on hormone therapy. Only a dermatologist can determine the type, combination, and administration of these drugs.
Today there are many types of advanced procedures in the aesthetic medical field and cosmetic dermatology, for treating acne during the affection for reducing/curing the remaining skin signs and lesions after older acne.
Patients with acne must first know that it is not their fault for the affection that appeared: despite widespread myths, acne isn’t only connected with your actions (what you eat, if you smoke or not, how often you wash your face, etc.), it is a complex of factors related to the hormonal level and genetic predispositions, among the other factors.
The emotional effects of acne’s aggressive forms must be controlled through the patient’s determination for seeking the most effective treatment solution for his case. This means addressing the dermatologist, ensuring that he has access to the most modern forms of therapy, learning how to properly use dermatological cosmetics products, and, especially, accepting that acne does not define him/her.
- Over-the-counter – average cost: $30 – $60 per month
- Prescriptions – average cost: $45 – $200 per month
- Chemical Peels – average cost: $75 – $200 per session
Is acne treatment too costly for the working man or woman in the US?
There are a lot of cheap treatments that prove to be very effective for certain types of acne. For the more aggressive types, a first visit to the doctor won’t cost too much. Getting rid of your acne will greatly improve your looks and self-esteem, so in the end, it will all be worth it.