Dog: female and male sterilization
Performed before puberty, male or female sterilization may offer many medical and behavioral benefits.
Why is sterilization necessary?
Sterilization protects the dog female from diseases caused by sex hormones. For example, cysts’ appearance, in the ovaries, caused by heavy or prolonged hormones secretion, provides infections a favorable uterine climate. These infections are severe diseases that lead to kidney failure and abdominal infections if the uterine ruptures. In these cases, surgery is required which may be very delicate. Breasts are often the focus of tumors in older unsterilized female dogs; if the female is spayed before the first heat, their appearance is reduced by 99%.
Canine false pregnancy is normal for wild female dogs. In the wild, only the dominant couple has the right to reproduce and the other females play the role of nanny for little ones. A hormonal reaction allows them to start lactating even if they don’t have puppies. This reaction is useless to our female dogs and may cause breast infections due to the undrunk milk and status.
Meanwhile, sterilization removes the risk of unwanted pregnancies. For diabetic female dogs, it is essential, to stabilize the disease when the sex hormones are not present.
If you have a male, neutering avoids escaping and fighting with other male dogs determined by sexual causes. At the same time, some dogs are difficult to control during the walk, they try to accost females in heat that pass by. From a medical standpoint, castration reduces the risk of testicle tumors and benign hypertrophy prostate.
To avoid these complications, the ideal age for sterilization is between 6 and 7 months for small breeds and between 10 and 12 months for large breeds.
After sterilization, the animals alter their metabolism, their need for calories decreases. A continuous weight tracking, an adapted feed, and daily exercising will allow your canine friend to keep in shape.
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- Reduces the risk of mammary tumors;
- Prevents ovarian and pyometra tumors;
- Prevents testicular cancer;
- Prevents prostate problems;
- Eliminates the nuisance ‘behavior of sexual expression (marking territory, etc.)
- Sterilized animals live longer!
Although they are few they deserve to be mentioned. Like any operation, regardless of the complexity or simplicity, it presents risks. Another disadvantage is the non-reversible effect of this operation – the dog, male or female will never have puppies.
Sterilization should be performed by an experienced vet because even if it is not a complicated procedure, an experienced veterinarian will have no problems in getting it made. Most dogs can go home on the second day of surgery and should be allowed to rest.
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How Much Does it Cost?
It is less expensive to sterilize a male dog than a female. Usually, private hospitals and clinics charge between $200 and $300, taking in account, of course, the weight of the dog. The weight of the dog influences the anesthetic’s quantity for the procedure.
If you don’t dispose of this amount you can take it to a local Humane Society. They show great compassion for animals and can help you; the sterilization price is somewhere between $45 and $145, taking in account the dog’s weight.
Sterilized dogs usually have a longer and healthier life. In addition, whenever you go out in the park with the female dog you shouldn’t worry about the males.