How Much Does a Grand Piano Cost?

Last Updated on April 13, 2024
Written by CPA Alec Pow | Content Reviewed by Certified CFA CFA Alexander Popinker

With their imposing elegance, sonorous tone, and dazzling craftsmanship, grand pianos evoke a sense of majesty few instruments can match. But such magnificence comes at a high cost – quality grand pianos routinely run $15,000 to $150,000+.

This guide will examine the many factors influencing grand piano pricing, provide an in-depth look at different market segments and price points, and offer smart shopping tips to help you secure optimal value. Understanding both the construction elements and brand reputations that drive costs allows you to navigate the purchase process confidently.

How Much Does a Grand Piano Cost?

While basic new beginner grands start around $5,000, be prepared to spend $50,000+ for mid-tier professional caliber instruments made by luxury brands like Steinway, Bösendorfer, Fazioli, or Schimmel. Premium performance and materials warrant the price tag for serious pianists. Even higher sums reaching six figures bring bespoke artisanal construction with exotic woods and custom embellishments.

Careful selection considering your budget, playing level, space constraints, and long-term goals will lead to a gratifying grand piano purchase that provides enjoyment for decades rather than regret. Let’s closely examine how this complex interplay of components, brands, materials, and physical specs shapes both the sound and price tag of the grandest piano.

Grand Piano Prices on Different Websites


Store/Brand Piano Type Price Range
Family Piano Baby Grand Piano $5,000 – $20,000
Concert Grand Piano Over $150,000
New Kawai 506N 45″ Upright $5,295
Used Kawai 506S 45″ Upright (c2000) $3,699
New Essex EUP-116 47″ Piano $8,900
Used Essex EUP-116 47″ Piano (c2012) $3,799
New Kawai GX-5 6’7″ Grand $61,295
Used Kawai RX-5 6’6″ Grand (c2006) $22,999
New Kawai GL-10 5’0″ Baby Grand $16,295
Used Kawai GL-10 5’0″ Baby Grand (c2017) $9,499
Pianote Essex EGP-155C Baby Grand $15,900 (MSRP)
Bösendorfer 170VC $149,999 (MSRP)
2002 Yamaha GH1G at 5′ 3″ $8,900
Yamaha G2 $9,500
Boston baby grand GP-156 $26,400
Steinway Certified Pre-owned baby grand $40,001 – $90,000
Piano Man Superstore Used grand pianos 5′ 7″ to 6′ 3″ $4,600 – $38,500
Semi-concert grand pianos 6′ 4″ to 7′ $4,600 – $38,500
Piano Price Point Extra Large Grand Size $25,000 – Over $100,000

Factors Influencing Grand Piano Pricing

Several core elements interact to determine the final cost when shopping for a new or pre-owned grand piano model:

  • Brand prestige – Iconic brands like Steinway & Sons command a huge price premium starting around $80,000 due to their hallowed reputation and uncompromising build quality. More affordable yet still respected options from Yamaha and Kawai run $20,000 to $30,000 at the high end.
  • Materials and craftsmanship – The quality of woods used, precision engineering, expert hand-craftsmanship, and labor intensity required all directly raise costs. Exotic solid woods, hand carving, custom artistry, and real ivory keytops versus plastic all boost the price over mass-production.
  • Size variations – Larger grand pianos ranging from 7 to 9+ feet long command a pricing premium over their smaller 5 to 6 ft. “baby” grand counterparts due to greater materials, moving costs, and ownership space requirements.
  • Model-specific features – Specific piano lines within a brand are engineered to fill different market niches and price points based on the features and performance offered. For example, Yamaha’s entry-level C series grands start under $20k while its premium S series climbs over $30k.
  • Age and condition – Potential cost savings can be found on pre-owned grands, provided their condition merits savings. However, budget for any needed reconditioning and request assessments by qualified technicians before purchase. Vintage grands hold value but require restoration work to perform optimally.

Grand Piano Prices by Market Segment

To set expectations, here are the typical price ranges observed in different market segments:

  • Entry-level student grands – $15,000 to $25,000. Suitable for beginners, these basic grands are mass-produced using laminated woods and factory construction methods to hit affordable low price points. While cost-effective, sound and response suffers relative to upper tiers. Often under 6 feet long.
  • Mid-tier professional grands – $25,000 to $60,000. Here is where you see huge leaps in performance, tone, and construction refinement thanks to higher-grade materials and increased handcrafting. Yamaha, Kawai, and many other brands fall into this segment targeting advancing students, institutions, and professional musicians on a budget.
  • High-end luxury grands – $60,000 to $150,000+. Playing in the big leagues, premium brands like Steinway, Bösendorfer, C. Bechstein, Grotrian, and Fazioli reside here. Built from exotic solid woods, with extreme attention to detail and engineering, these instruments offer concert-hall grade performance capabilities and awe-inspiring tones perfect for discerning professionals. Larger 9 foot concert grands sit at the top.
  • Bespoke artisanal grands – $150,000+. Entirely custom-made grands with premium materials like solid gold hardware, intricate marquetry inlays, and exotic wood veneers. These unique status symbols for the ultra-wealthy can take years to build and are as much art as music instrument.

You might also like our articles on the cost of piano tuning, ivory, or pipe organs.

Helpful Grand Piano Buying Tips

Grand Piano From EbayFollow this advice to make your grand piano purchase more accessible, affordable, and rewarding:

  • Carefully assess your spaces’ size limits and your long-term needs before committing to a full grand. Well-made uprights can deliver comparable tone at a fraction of the cost in tighter spaces.
  • Consider stretching your budget slightly to move into a higher-tier instrument if possible. Even incremental quality improvements yield disproportionate enhancements in sound, playability, and long-term ownership enjoyment.
  • Seek out well-maintained pre-owned instruments from motivated sellers looking to liquidate valuable assets quickly. But have technicians thoroughly assess condition and costs to rejuvenate prior to purchase.
  • Leverage 0% financing deals from major piano retailers to make that pricier model more accessible. This allows you to maximize investment while minimizing immediate cash outlays.
  • Time your purchase around seasonal sales events and inventory clearance when piano selection is best and deals more likely. Holidays and school year-end are opportune times.

Additional Grand Piano Ownership Costs

Beyond the piano purchase price itself, anticipate these additional expenses:

  • Delivery and placement – Expect to pay movers $300+ to safely deliver your grand piano without warping the structural components. Tipping is customary. Initial tuning is also advised.
  • Regular maintenance – Plan on $100 to $150 for tuning twice annually at minimum to keep your grand sounding its best. Annual “check-ups” go deeper at $250 to $350.
  • Major repairs – Budget $1000+ for any major restoration work that old or damaged models may periodically require if issues arise. This pays off to protect investment value.
  • Insurance – An extra $250 per year provides a rider on homeowners or renters insurance to cover damage or theft. Gives peace of mind on a major asset.

Final Words

The joy of owning a grand piano for decades outweighs the initial price and upkeep costs for most buyers. While not cheap, it is a purchase with the power to inspire artistic expression for a lifetime when properly maintained through the years. Choose wisely and few investments prove as rewarding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why are grand pianos so expensive?

Grand pianos command high prices for several reasons:

  • Craftsmanship – Many hours of skilled expert hand-work is required to precisely tune and voice each piano. This labor intensity drives costs up.
  • Materials – Top brands use solid wood soundboards, premium metal strings, and carefully regulated moving parts that are costly.
  • Brand prestige – Renowned makes like Steinway carry a high price premium for their reputation and performance pedigree.
  • Complex logistics – Safely delivering 400+ lb instruments without warping requires special care, adding expense.
  • Custom builds – Bespoke artisanal grands with exotic woods or custom decorations take added time, justifying their high pricing.

Overall, the combination of au fait construction, costly materials, and engineering needed to create an instrument of enduring beauty and superlative tone necessitates substantial investment. But devotees agree—in the hands of the right artist, a fine grand piano is priceless.

Are grand pianos harder to play?

Grand and upright pianos have some key playing differences:

  • Grands use a longer key action with gradual let-off, permitting more control and expression over dynamics, technique, and voicing. The extended keys do take more dexterity and hand span to master.
  • The horizontal orientation of grand pianos facilitates more resonance and open sound projection. Players need less touch sensitivity to draw out volume.
  • Grands offer a broader tonal range with singing trebles, deeper more resonant basses, and harmonically rich mid-ranges. Their tone can fill large spaces with ease.
  • Precise pedaling technique is more critical on grands to control dynamics and sustain. The horizontal action is more sensitive to pedal work.

So grands do require greater skill refinement to unlock their potential. But no inherent obstacles prevent student or intermediate pianists from learning and performing well on a grand with regular practice. Their expanded musicality inspires and rewards dedication.

Is it hard to sell a grand piano?

Selling a grand piano privately can pose challenges:

  • Limited buyer pool – Most buyers lack space for grands or can’t afford premium prices, slowing sales.
  • High moving costs deter buyers since safely relocating a 400-700 lb grand runs $300+ paid by the buyer usually.
  • Depreciation hits hard. Most grands lose 50% of value or more once sold used except high-end collectible models.
  • Storage costs accumulate if unsold for months. And most buyers expect freshly tuned instruments.
  • Scams abound, like fake cashier’s checks. Strict screening is needed.

Consignment through a reputable dealer is easiest but means taking a commission hit. Patience and persistence are key to maximize your sales price. Creative bundling of delivery, tuning, warranty, lessons etc. can also sweeten deals for buyers.

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