The Ficus tree is one of the most beautiful and adaptable ornamental plants that is found mainly in people’s homes, but also in office buildings and institutions. It is an elegant, unpretentious plant, which is easy to maintain and which gives a special look to any room where it is placed.
The Ficus is a tree in the true sense of the word, which can reach up to 98 feet in height. It is the perfect plant for the home, with its large, aesthetic, and decorative leaves.
It brings color and joy to any environment and gives a special architectural note to the room, through its appearance of an adult tree. When grown as a houseplant, the Ficus adapts to environmental conditions and does not exceed 10 feet in height.
How Much Does a Ficus Tree Cost?
The cost of a Ficus tree will be greatly influenced by the place you are buying it from and the size of the tree. You should expect to pay anywhere between $15 and more than $100 for a Ficus tree. For instance, for a four-foot tree, you will have to pay around $110. However, you may find a smaller Ficus plant at a price of less than $15.
Types of Ficus Trees
Ficus Benjamina – was originally seen as a garden tree, reaching up to 50-60 feet. The only downside is that the root can become invasive and can affect underground infrastructures, such as sewage, water, or septic tanks. Ficus Benjamina is also called the weeping Ficus resembling a birch. It has fast growth, many branches, is flexible, and very beautifully arched. The bark is light in color. The leaves are small but numerous, with a sharp tip, intensely colored. It is a splendid plant for modern homes and is growing in popularity.
Ficus Religiosa – is a sacred tree for Buddhists and Hindus. The figs produced by this tree are purple in color, and its leaves are unusual, in the sense that they are very thin. It is only suitable for growing outdoors, so it is found only in tropical areas. Sometimes it is grown indoors as a houseplant.
Ficus Elastica – also known as the rubber tree, is the one we find in apartments.
Ficus Lyata – is native to Africa, has very large leaves, and is grown mainly outdoors.
Ficus tree care tips
Average room temperatures should be 59-75°F. Avoid temperatures below 53°F, sudden drops in temperature, and cold currents. A well-lit place is ideal without direct sunlight.
In terms of watering, the soil should be kept permanently moist and the leaves of the Ficus should be sprayed with water constantly to maintain the humidity of the air around them. In winter, the figs should be watered less frequently, to the point where the soil should be allowed to dry slightly between waterings.
A well-drained and aerated potting soil is needed. One part peat, one part pine bark, and one-part coarse sand is a good mix.
Important things to consider
It loves the light, but without the sun’s rays falling directly on its leaves. It is said about the Ficus that it is good to grow as an indoor plant because it purifies the air in the room, being effective in removing formaldehyde.
Ficus trees are sensitive to sudden fluctuations in temperature as well as cold air currents and cannot stand direct sunlight, although they do need a lot of light.
You can also plant Ficus trees outdoors, but they need to be protected in the winter. If you can’t do that, keep the plants in a container to bring them inside during the colder months, once the temperature drops.
Once the Ficus has grown to the height you want it to grow, you can cut off the top. You can cut any unwanted branches to give the plant a more complete shape. It is best to cut the Ficus in the spring or summer, but any other time will be good as well.
To promote the growth of new leaves if the leaves have fallen, cut a notch in the node from which the leaf fell.
If you do not replant your Ficus, it will not grow. However, do not put Ficus trees in pots that are too large. Transplanting into pots about 0.40 inches larger than the previous pot is a good rule of thumb.
Did you know that if you cut a Ficus leaf, a milk-like liquid flows from it? It is, in fact, a toxic substance that can affect children and pets, which is why, although aesthetical and decorative, a Ficus should not be kept in any room. Be very careful with pets, lest they gnaw on its leaves.
What are the extra costs?
It is very important for your Ficus tree to be periodically fertilized. Plan on spending anywhere between $7 and $14 for a high-quality fertilizer. Even though it is a decorative plant, the Ficus needs extra nutrients to maintain its health and beauty, given that it loves not in nature, but in a pot. Thus, offer it fertilizer once a month in the warm season (spring and summer) and once every two months in autumn and winter.